Clock

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Revision as of 22:31, 18 June 2020 by Monk (talk | contribs) (Inserted information of pal and ntsc quartz clock)
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Not to be confused with the real time clock (RTC), which is clocked independently.

Clkdistribution.png

In cartridge systems

The main system clock (often called mclk) is either 24MHz (MVS) or 24.167829MHz (AES). It is generated and divided by 2, 4 and 8 by NEO-D0 from a crystal oscillator, to provide the 12MHz clock for NEO-ZMC2, the inverted 6MHz one for video output and also the 3MHz one for NEO-B1.

LSPC2-A2 divides it by 3 and 6 to provide the 8MHz clock for the YM2610 and the 4MHz one for the Z80.

The cartridge connector provides the 24MHz, 12MHz, 8MHz and 4MHz inverted clock signals.

A second quartz oscillator is used in the AES for generating the color burst needed by composite video, for the video encoders.

The value changes depending on the region of the system, 4.43mhz for PAL systems and 3.57mhz for NTSC systems.

A third 32.768KHz quartz oscillator is present in the MVS used for the real time clock.

Clock.png

Phase relations

To do: 8M is 33high/66low, not 50/50

Clockphases.png

Signals

24M (~24MHz), 12M (12MHz), 68KCLK (12MHz), 68KCLKB (12MHz), 8M (8MHz), 6MB (6MHz), 4M (12MHz), 4MB (4MHz), 1MB (3MHz)

In CD systems

System clock and video PLL circuit on a CDM3-2 board.

NEO-GRC ?