Palette rotation

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Palette rotation is a non-NeoGeo-specific video effect produced by rotating (shifting in a loop) a range of color entries inside a palette.

Like the auto animation feature, this effect was frequently used for cyclic animations (waterfalls, neon signs...) without having to use multiple tiles, saving up graphics memory and VRAM access time.

Example code

The easiest way is to simply cycle through a table of pre-baked palettes. It can also be done procedurally, for example:

; Untested ! Doesn't care about transparent index.
; Executes in about 720 cycles

  lea     COLOR_LIST,a0   ; Pointer to list of 32 colors
  lea     PALETTE,a1      ; Pointer to destination palette in palette RAM
  lea     64(a0),a2       ; End of list (32 words)
  clr.l   d0
  move.b  ROT_INDEX,d0    ; Offset variable
  andi.b  #31,d0          ; Warp on 32
  add.w   d0,d0           ; Colors are words
  adda.l  d0,a0
  move.b  #16,d7          ; Number of entries in a palette
  move.w  (a0)+,(a1)+     ; Copy
  subq.b  #1,d7
  beq     +               ; Are we done ?
  cmp.l   a0,a2
  bne     -               ; Warp ?
  lea     COLOR_LIST,a0   ; Warp !
  bra     -

  addq.b  #1,ROT_INDEX    ; Animate