Joypad

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Regular NeoGeo joypads or joysticks have 4 directions and 6 button switches.

Registers used to read the switches states are Reg.png REG_P1CNT, Reg.png REG_P2CNT, and Reg.png REG_STATUS_B.

The SYSTEM_IO ($C0044A) BIOS call can be used to read inputs more easily: it sets values in the BIOS RAM which gives currently pressed, state change, and repeat values for both joypads ports.

Only one output is used: OUT3, which is connected to the D button input. This loop is used for detection (D = 0 if OUT3 = 1).

NeoGeo CD joypads

"G9" internal schematic. Pin 2 is ground, 1 and 3 are buttons, 4 and 5 are port inputs.

Ngcdpad.jpg

The NeoGeo CD joypads use membrane switches and springs for the 4 directions (replacement part ?) which directly set the corresponding inputs to ground.

The buttons are buffered with 3 dual NPN "digital transistors" marked G9, providing good press detection even if the carbon contacts have high resistance.