Difference between revisions of "YM2610 registers"

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(Layout, timer and individual bit details)
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Summary:
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=Timers=
 
=Timers=
  
To do: Page.
+
See [[YM2610 timers]].
 
 
{| class="regdef"
 
|'''Address (Z80 port 4)'''
 
|'''Data (Z80 port 5)'''
 
|-
 
|$24
 
|{{8BitRegister|TA counter load bits 9-2|8}}
 
|-
 
|$25
 
|{{8BitRegister|-|6|TA counter load bits 1-0|2}}
 
|-
 
|$26
 
|{{8BitRegister|TB counter load bits 0-7|8}}
 
|-
 
|$27
 
|{{8BitRegister|CSM mode|1|3-slot mode|1|Reset TB|1|Reset TA|1|Enable TB IRQ|1|Enable TA IRQ|1|Load TB|1|Load TA|1}}
 
|}
 
*TA = Timer A (10bit), TB = Timer B (8bit)
 
*Timers will tick until they have reached zero, at which point an [[Z80 interrupts|IRQ]] will be generated if enabled. Reading port $04 will show which timer caused it (see below).
 
*The actual timer counter registers are not directly accessible. They can be reset to zero or initialised from load registers $24~$26
 
**Writing 0 to the load bits in register $27 will reset the timer counter registers to zero
 
**Writing 1 to the load bits will copy the respective timer load register to the timer counter.  This only works when the timer is at zero.
 
*When a timer expires, it is automatically reloaded from the load registers and continues.
 
*Timer flag reset refers to the same flags that are read from port $04
 
*CSM mode is for automatic key on for operators on the second FM channel when timer A expires ?
 
 
 
* Timer A IRQ frequency: 8M / 2 / 12 (prescaler) / 12 / TA load = 27.1Hz ~ 27.8kHz ?
 
* Timer A IRQ frequency: 8M / 16 / 12 (prescaler) / 12 / TB load = 13.6Hz ~ 3.47kHz ?
 
  
 
=SSG part=
 
=SSG part=
  
 
See [[SSG]] for details on this part's operation.
 
See [[SSG]] for details on this part's operation.
 
{| class="regdef"
 
|'''Address ([[Z80]] port 4)'''
 
|'''Data ([[Z80]] port 5)'''
 
|
 
|-
 
|$00
 
|{{8BitRegister|Fine tune|8}}
 
|rowspan="2"|Channel A
 
|-
 
|$01
 
|{{8BitRegister|-|4|Coarse tune|4}}
 
|-
 
|$02
 
|{{8BitRegister|Fine tune|8}}
 
|rowspan="2"|Channel B
 
|-
 
|$03
 
|{{8BitRegister|-|4|Coarse tune|4}}
 
|-
 
|$04
 
|{{8BitRegister|Fine tune|8}}
 
|rowspan="2"|Channel C
 
|-
 
|$05
 
|{{8BitRegister|-|4|Coarse tune|4}}
 
|-
 
|$06
 
|{{8BitRegister|-|3|Noise tune|5}}
 
|Noise channel
 
|-
 
|$07
 
|{{8BitRegister|-|2|/EN noise C|1|/EN noise B|1|/EN noise A|1|/EN C|1|/EN B|1|/EN A|1}}
 
|/Enable for Noise and Tone
 
|-
 
|$08
 
|{{8BitRegister|-|3|Mode|1|Volume|4}}
 
|Channel A
 
|-
 
|$09
 
|{{8BitRegister|-|3|Mode|1|Volume|4}}
 
|Channel B
 
|-
 
|$0A
 
|{{8BitRegister|-|3|Mode|1|Volume|4}}
 
|Channel C
 
|-
 
|$0B
 
|{{8BitRegister|Volume envelope period fine tune|8}}
 
|
 
|-
 
|$0C
 
|{{8BitRegister|Volume envelope period coarse tune|8}}
 
|
 
|-
 
|$0D
 
|{{8BitRegister|-|4|Volume envelop shape|4}}
 
|See diagram.
 
|}
 
  
 
=FM part=
 
=FM part=

Revision as of 20:48, 11 February 2017

Summary: ...

Timers

See YM2610 timers.

SSG part

See SSG for details on this part's operation.

FM part

See FM for details on this part's operation.

Common FM registers

Address (Z80 port 4) Data (Z80 port 5)
$22
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def - OnControl
LFO Frequency
$28
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def Slot -Channel
Key On/Off

LFO frequency values are as follows:

  • 0 – 3.98Hz
  • 1 – 5.56Hz
  • 2 – 6.02Hz
  • 3 – 6.37Hz
  • 4 – 6.88Hz
  • 5 – 9.63Hz
  • 6 – 48.1Hz
  • 7 – 72.2Hz

Overall channel registers

The first value listed in the Address column is for channels 1/3; the second is for channels 2/4.

Address (Z80 port 4 or 6) Data (Z80 port 5 or 7)
$A1,$A2
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def F-Num 1
F-Numbers and Block (1/2)
$A5,$A6
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def - BlockF-Num 2
F-Numbers and Block (2/2)
(must set this first)
$A9,$AA
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def 2CH * F-Num 1
2CH - 2 Slot F-Numbers/Block (1/2)
$AD,$AE
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def - 2CH * Block2CH * F-Num 2
2CH - 2 Slot F-Numbers/Block (1/2)
(must set this first)
$B1,$B2
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def - FBALGO
Feedback (FB) and Algorithm (ALGO)
$B5,B6
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def L RAMS-PMS
Left (L)/Right (R) output, AM Sense (AMS), and PM Sense (PMS)

Channel registers

Depending on which channel you want to write to, the ports used are different:

  • Channels 1 & 2: Ports 4/5
  • Channels 3 & 4: Ports 6/7

Per-operator registers

The ranges given for the address represent all of the parameter values. Each channel's operators are laid out as follows:

Operator 1 2 3 4
Channels 1, 3 $x1 $x5 $x9 $xD
Channels 2, 4 $x2 $x6 $xA $xE
Address (Z80 port 4 or 6) Data (Z80 port 5 or 7)  
$31-$3E
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def - DTMUL
Detune (DT) and Multiple (MUL)
$41-$4E
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def - Total Level
Total Level (Volume)
$51-$5E
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def KS -AR
Key Scale (KS) and Attack Rate (AR)
$61-$6E
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def AM -DR
AM On (AM) and Decay Rate (DR)
$71-$7E
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def - SR
Sustain Rate (SR)
$81-$8E
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def SL RR
Sustain Level (SL) and Release Rate (RR)
$91-$9E
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def - SSG-EG
SSG-EG

ADPCM part

See ADPCM for details on this part's operation.

Address (Z80 port 4) Data (Z80 port 5) Value on reset
$1C
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def B -A6A5A4A3A2A1
$00
  • Write to flag control to reset/mask channel end flags
    • Write 1 to reset and/or mask selected flag
    • Write 0 to unmask selected flag
    • Masking a flag will prevent it from being raised when a channel reaches its end address. This means you have to write 1 to clear the flag, then 0 to keep it active.
    • Flags must be manually cleared, playing a new sample on the channel won't clear it.

ADPCM-A part

See ADPCM for details on this part's operation.

Address (Z80 port 6) Data (Z80 port 7) Value on reset
$00
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def Dump -CH6 ONCH5 ONCH4 ONCH3 ONCH2 ON CH1 ON
$00 'Dump' is the key on/off bit. Write 0 to start playing specified channels and write 1 to stop playing.
$01
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def - Master volume
$00 Actually an attenuator, 0 is the loudest.
$08~$0D (one for each channel)
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def L R-Channel volume
$00 Actually an attenuator, 0 is the loudest. L/R routes the output to the left and/or right channels.
$10~$15 (one for each channel)
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def Sample's start address/256 LSB
$00 All ADPCM addresses must match a 256-byte boundary (bits 0~7 = 0)
$18~$1D (one for each channel)
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def Sample's start address/256 MSB
$00
$20~$25 (one for each channel)
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def Sample's stop address/256 LSB
$00
$28~$2D (one for each channel)
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def Sample's stop address/256 MSB
$00

ADPCM-B part

See ADPCM for details on this part's operation.

Address (Z80 port 4) Data (Z80 port 5) Value on reset
$10
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def Start -Repeat-Reset
$00 Repeat: loop when end address is reached. Reset: clears Start and Repeat.
$11
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def L R-
$00 Left/Right channel output
$12
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def Sample's start address/256 LSB
? All ADPCM addresses must match a 256-byte boundary (bits 0~7 = 0)
$13
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def Sample's start address/256 MSB
?
$14
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def Sample's stop address/256 LSB
?
$15
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def Sample's stop address/256 MSB
?
$19
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def Delta-N (L)
? Playback rate is f = 8M / 12 / 12 / (65535 / Delta-N) = 55555 * (Delta-N / 65535) Hz
$1A
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def Delta-N (H)
?
$1B
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def ADPCM-B channel volume
? Loudest is $FF

Reading

The only writable registers that can also be read are from the SSG. All other ports and addresses return different data.

Z80 port # Data Notes
$04
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def Busy -Timer B flagTimer A flag
When a timer expires and IRQ is enabled for the timer, the respective bit is set
$05
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def SSG register data
Attempting to read non-SSG registers will fail
$06
Bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0
Def ADPCM-B end -CH6 endCH5 endCH4 endCH3 endCH2 endCH1 end
When a channel has reached the end address and stops, the respective bit is set, unless masked
$07 not implemented Always returns $00